The Basics

The colour wheel!!

This timeless model is one of the basics to know when dealing with colour (it can saving you money…) The red, yellow blue model it is commonly called. The three colours are known as “Primary colours“.

Colours that are produced by mixing two primary colours are called ‘Secondary colours‘,

Try this out!!

Red and Yellow – Orange,

Yellow and Blue – Green,

Red and Blue – Violet.

Tertiary colours‘ are primary and secondary colours mixed.

Take a look at the colour wheel for a simplified understanding…

Notice how as the colours work their way around the wheel. Also note each is a gradual change from the colour next to it.

Colour wheel

Notice how as the colours work their way around the wheel…

Also note each is a gradual change from the colour next to it…

The colours which are or have blue in them are known as ‘cool colours’ (yellow to green, blue to violet)

The colours which are or have red in them are known as ‘warm colours‘ (yellow-orange, red – violet)

Complimentary colours‘ are the colours opposite each other on the colour wheel. These colours work very well together, they promote each other.

Orange – Blue,

Green – Red,

Violet – Yellow



Lines are marks made from using a drawing tool or brush, it can also be described as a moving dot.

There are lots of lines in drawing in this post we will cover a few. Understanding how lines are used is essential to an artist. Through lines emotions, hierarchy and focal points can be expressed.

Okay, so let’s take a look at some lines and see the effect they have…

Contour Lines – These are the boarder around the shapes or subjects.

Expressive lines – These are used to portray emotion. Emotion varied based on their character; thickness, thinness, fluidity, rigidness, lightness and darkness… For example… A thick and dark line for something scary while a thin and flowing for something delicate and feminine.

Expressive lines consist of…

–       Horizontal lines – restfulness, peace and calamity

–       Diagonal lines – for motion or action

–       The pyramid design – permanence and stability

–       Vertical lines – strength, support

–       Jagged lines – pain or tension

–       Dashes – nervousness, agitation or the sence of being rushed

–       Curvy lines or rounded –  they create a soft natural feel so for rest and soothing

–       ‘V’ shape – unstable

–       A circle – completeness

Hatched – These are a series of lines within a shape where parallel lines are used to express an idea of a shadow, the close the lines the darker the shadow.

Implied lines – These are given or are used for the viewer to compete the image with their imagination.

In a peice of work one can combine a variety of lines…



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